Tuesday, October 1, 2019
Police Legitimacy Notes Essay
Effectiveness of the police ultimately depends on their legitimacy. Ã¢â¬â 1st b/c the moral paradox underlying the police use of nonnegotiable coercive force can be resolved only if police actions are qualitatively distinct from other actorsÃ¢â¬â¢ use of force. Ã¢â¬â 2nd b/c people tend to obey authority out of respect for its legitimacy more than out of fear of its power. Greater police legitimacy decreases the need for nonnegotiable coercive intervention; it also builds active community support for police efforts. -Ã¢â¬Å"Perceptions of legitimacy carry more weight w/ the public than effectiveness of enforcement. Ã¢â¬ -Tyler, Tom; 88) Ã¢â¬â Tyler and Huo (2001): perceived legitimacy of the police and perceived fairness/favorability of outcomes carry equal weight in citizensÃ¢â¬â¢ acceptance of officersÃ¢â¬â¢ decisions. The amazing transformation of LAPD: 76% of Latinos and 68% of blacks now give LAPD positive grades (LA Times, 2009 poll) Weber- Tragedy of Power Ã¢â ¬â At some point, force is inevitably necessary to preserve peace and social order. GRAHAM v. CONNOR * The police use of force is a perennial reminder of the fundamental imperfection of the tragedy of power. * When all else fails, people call the cops (Egon Bittner) ; this is b/c the police role is ultimately define by their monopoly on the right to use nonnegotiable coercive force. We rely on the police precisely because of this monopoly; yet at the same time, we are repulsed by its underlying harsh reality. Ã¢â¬ ¦Leads Us To Mary-Douglas Ã¢â¬Å"Purity and DangerÃ¢â¬ * We value dirty work as necessary but are repelled by those who do it so there is a moral ambiguity of force, which means that force is sometime necessary, but the decision to use it and judging the extent of its use are inherently unclear.